Centos7 部署 http2

前言

最近在折腾 GitBlog,顺便想将网站的 http1.1 协议更改为 http2,修改好 nginx 配置后发现依然还是 http1.1。后来 Google 了一番,发现 http2 需要 openssl 1.0.2 版本支持,而 Centos7 默认 yum 的 openssl 版本是 1.0.1 故此需要使用新版的 openssl 1.1.0c 编译 nginx。

下载 openssl 源码

到 openssl 官网下载源码:https://www.openssl.org/source/

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cd /usr/src
wget https://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-1.1.0c.tar.gz
tar xzf openssl-1.1.0c.tar.gz && rm openssl-1.1.0c.tar.gz -f

卸载旧版 nginx 编译安装 nginx

下载 nginx 源码包

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cd /usr/src
yum remove nginx
wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.10.2.tar.gz
tar xzf nginx-1.10.2.tar.gz && rm -f nginx-1.10.2.tar.gz
cd nginx-1.10.2

编译安装

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# 使用官方参数配置,仅添加 openssl 源码 --with-openssl=/usr/src/openssl-1.1.0c
./configure --prefix=/etc/nginx \
--sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx \
--conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf \
--error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log \
--http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log \
--pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid \
--lock-path=/var/run/nginx.lock \
--http-client-body-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/client_temp \
--http-proxy-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/proxy_temp \
--http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/fastcgi_temp \
--http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/uwsgi_temp \
--http-scgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/scgi_temp \
--user=nginx \
--group=nginx \
--with-openssl=/usr/src/openssl-1.1.0c \
--with-http_ssl_module \
--with-http_realip_module \
--with-http_addition_module \
--with-http_sub_module \
--with-http_dav_module \
--with-http_flv_module \
--with-http_mp4_module \
--with-http_gunzip_module \
--with-http_gzip_static_module \
--with-http_random_index_module \
--with-http_secure_link_module \
--with-http_stub_status_module \
--with-http_auth_request_module \
--with-threads \
--with-stream \
--with-stream_ssl_module \
--with-http_slice_module \
--with-mail \
--with-mail_ssl_module \
--with-file-aio \
--with-http_v2_module \
--with-ipv6
make && make install

查询 nginx 版本

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[root@vultr conf.d]# nginx -V
nginx version: nginx/1.10.2
built by gcc 4.8.5 20150623 (Red Hat 4.8.5-4) (GCC)
built with OpenSSL 1.1.0c 10 Nov 2016
TLS SNI support enabled
configure arguments: --prefix=/etc/nginx --sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx --conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log --http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log --pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid --lock-path=/var/run/nginx.lock --http-client-body-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/client_temp --http-proxy-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/proxy_temp --http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/fastcgi_temp --http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/uwsgi_temp --http-scgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/scgi_temp --user=nginx --group=nginx --with-openssl=/usr/src/openssl-1.1.0c --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_realip_module --with-http_addition_module --with-http_sub_module --with-http_dav_module --with-http_flv_module --with-http_mp4_module --with-http_gunzip_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_random_index_module --with-http_secure_link_module --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_auth_request_module --with-threads --with-stream --with-stream_ssl_module --with-http_slice_module --with-mail --with-mail_ssl_module --with-file-aio --with-http_v2_module --with-ipv6

已经是 openssl 1.1.0c 版本了

编写 systemd 服务文件

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vim /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/nginx.service
# 输入以下内容
[Unit]
Description=nginx - high performance web server
Documentation=http://nginx.org/en/docs/
After=network.target remote-fs.target nss-lookup.target
[Service]
Type=forking
PIDFile=/run/nginx.pid
ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/nginx -t -c /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/nginx -c /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
ExecReload=/bin/kill -s HUP $MAINPID
ExecStop=/bin/kill -s QUIT $MAINPID
PrivateTmp=true
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/nginx.service
[Unit]
Description=nginx - high performance web server
Documentation=http://nginx.org/en/docs/
After=network.target remote-fs.target nss-lookup.target
[Service]
Type=forking
PIDFile=/run/nginx.pid
ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/nginx -t -c /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/nginx -c /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
ExecReload=/bin/kill -s HUP $MAINPID
ExecStop=/bin/kill -s QUIT $MAINPID
PrivateTmp=true
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
:wq
systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl start nginx
# 修改 nginx 主配置提取自 rpm 包
vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
user nginx;
worker_processes 1;
error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log warn;
pid /var/run/nginx.pid;
events {
worker_connections 1024;
}
http {
include /etc/nginx/mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;
log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
'$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
'"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log main;
sendfile on;
#tcp_nopush on;
keepalive_timeout 65;
#gzip on;
include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
}
[root@vultr ~]# nginx -s reload

完成

刷新一下页面,发现已经是 http2 协议了。

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